Terminology

I have decided to add this page as a kinda index for some of the words that might appear in my posts. (This is mostly for normal people that don’t know what the hell I’m talking about.)

I found this A – Z glossary on Wikipedia and I think It will make this a whole lot easier ^^.  If you know a word and the meaning of it that isn’t here, please post it in a comment and I’ll add it asap.  Keep in mind that these aren’t necessarily my opinions so if you don’t agree with a definition, please tell me why and provide a better definition and I’ll correct it if necessary.

A

  • AKIBA-KEI – Akiba-kei is a Japanese slang term meaning “Akihabara style.” It dates back to the early 80s and refers to a subset of otaku, now largely older males, who spend much of their time in and around the Akihabara area of Tokyo and are known for their strong interest in “fantasy worlds…anime, manga, maids, idols, and games.”[1] Akiba-kei have also been characterized as being “interested in ruminating about domestic items and creating fan works based on these existing elements.”[2] The Akihabara area in central Tokyo is well known as a marketplace of cutting edge technology. In recent years, it has developed strong ties to the Japanese gaming industry, as well as to anime and manga publishers.[3] These ties are one reason why Akiba-kei culture has expanded outside its geographic area, to manifest on the internet in the form of websites[4], blogs[5], and internet forums [6] In addition to patronizing the famous electronics stores around them, Akiba-kei frequently open their own shops in Akihabara. Many of these shops are run by Akiba-kei in cosplay, who may claim that such attire is the rule for them rather than the exception.[7] The shops offer a wide variety of goods and services: some sell model or ornamental weaponry [8]; others are modeled after antique reading rooms; and still others sell quirky or innovative foodstuffs, such as the now-infamous watermelon milk stall that opened in mid-2008.
  • Anime (アニメ ?) — Any animation produced in or originating from Japan, or conforming to an “anime style” usually marked by features such as large eyes, long limbs, speed lines and exclamatory typography. In Japan, the term “anime” is typically used to refer to any animation or cartoon, regardless of origin or animation style.
  • Anime music video — Often abbreviated AMV, video clips from at least one anime series arranged to fit a musical piece playing in the background. AMVs usually cut out the audio and subtitles from the actual anime episodes, but sometimes sound clips or subtitles may be left in at certain parts to help enhance the video.

B

  • Baka – Baka means “idiot” in japanese.
  • Bishōnen (美少年) — Beautiful boy — Japanese aesthetic concept of the ideally beautiful young man. Androgynous, effeminate or gender ambiguous. In Japan it refers to youth with such characteristics, but in the west has become a generic term for attractively androgynous males of all ages.
  • Bishōjo (美少女) – Literally, “pretty girl.” Often used to describe any young attractive woman, but also used to imply sexual availability (as in “bishōjo games”).
  • Boys’ Love – male homosexual content, current, occasionally used over yaoi and shonen-ai in Japan.

C

  • Catgirl — Character with cat ears and a cat tail, but an otherwise human body. These characters often have feline habits, claw-like nails, and occasionally show fangs. Emotional expressions are also feline in nature, such as an exaggerated fur-standing-on-end when startled. These characteristics are also sometimes used on guys as well as in the case of the characters of Loveless and Kyo Sohma of Fruits Basket.
  • Chibi — Japanese word meaning “shorty” or “little one”. Due to Sailor Moon and mistranslation, in America it is sometimes used to mean super deformed.
  • CM — Commercial Message – An advert (usually on television).
  • ComiketComics Market — World’s largest comic convention held biannually in Tokyo, Japan for producers and fans of Dōjinshi. (see Comic Party)

D

E

  • Ecchi — Perverted. — From ‘H’ for Hentai.
  • Enjo kōsai — “Compensated dating” which may at times border on quasi-legal prostitution. High school girls are paid by older men to take them out for a night on the town, possibly with sex included.
  • Eyecatch (アイキャッチ) — A scene or illustration used to begin and end a commercial break in a Japanese TV program, similar to how “bumpers” into/out of commercial breaks are used in the United States.

F

  • Fan fiction — A general story written by fans of media, including anime. Story or piece of fiction written by fans of a production.
  • Fan service — Elements designed to amuse or sexually excite the audience, but are unnecessary to furthering the storyline.
  • Fansub — fan-subtitled — A version of anime in which fans have translated and subtitled the dialogue into another language, most commonly into English.
  • Fujoshi — A female yaoi fan.

G

  • Gakuran (学ラン) — Uniform for middle school and high school boys in Japan. The Gakuran is derived from Prussian army uniforms.
  • Ganguro (顔黒) Literally “black face”. A fashion trend among Japanese girls. The look consists of bleached hair, a deep tan, both black and white eyeliners, false eyelashes, platform shoes, and brightly colored outfits.
  • Gei — Transliteration of gay. Etymology. In traditional Japanese terms also means ‘art’ or ‘skill’, normally trained and refined.
  • Gei comi — manga with male homosexual themes, by men for men. Compare with yaoi, shonen-ai, June and BL.
  • Glomp — A hug in the manner of a small child, similar to a bearhug but often including one or both legs as well as arms. Also a hug in which the hugger jumps and catches the victim by surprise or off-guard. Occasionally referred to as a cross between a running tackle and a bearhug.
  • Gothloli — Gothic Lolita — A fashion trend where girls and young women dress in the style of elaborate porcelain dolls.

H

  • Hentai — “Abnormal” or “perverted”. — Used by Western Audiences to refer to pornographic anime or erotica. However, in Japan the term used to refer to the same material is typically Poruno or Ero.
  • Huggle – A very affectionate hug used to show joy and/or thanks. It is also somewhat like a ‘glomp’ but not as violent or surprising. Also a cross between the words “hug” and “cuddle” or “snuggle”.
  • Hikikomori – Similar to an otaku, but more severe. A Hikikomori is someone who secludes themselves within their home, sometimes refusing to leave their home at all in an effort to isolate themselves from society. It can be viewed as a social phobia similar to Agoraphobia. In Welcome to the N.H.K. the main character Tatsuhiro Satō is a Hikikomori.

I

  • Iinchō — Short for Gakkyū Iinchō, the class representative in a Japanese school.

J

  • Juné (ジュネ ?), also written as June – a manga or text story with male homosexual themes for women written in an aesthetic (耽美 tanbi?) style, named for the Juné magazine.

K

  • Kawaii – cute or cuteness.  Kawaii can be applied to almost anything though it varies on personal opinion.
  • Kemono (獣 or けもの) — “Beast” — A genre of Japanese art and character design that prominently features animal-like fictional characters in human-like settings (Anthropomorphism) and situations. (see The Cat Returns, c.f. Furry)
  • Kemonomimi — Characters with animal features such as ears and a tails, but have a human body. Catgirl also falls under this concept. Examples include many of the characters of Loveless and the Sohma family of Fruits Basket.
  • Kogal (コギャル kogyaru) — A subculture of girls and young women, the kogal “look” roughly approximates a sun-tanned California Valley girl.
  • Komiketto — Genericised form of Comiket (Comics Market).

L

  • Lemon — Material with explicit sexual content (not to be confused with the slang term for Lesbian in some English speaking cultures).
  • Loli-Goth — Gothloli — Gothic Lolita.

M

  • MAD – Resembling an anime music video, but usually with more humorous intent. Stands for “music anime doujinshi”.
  • Manga (漫画) — book form of anime. Much like a story board.
  • Mangaka (漫画家) — Creator of the manga. The mangaka is often the writer and the illustrator of the work.
  • Moe( ?, /mo.e/, pronounced “mo-eh” literally “budding”, as with a plant) is a Japanese slang word originally referring to fetish or love for characters in video games or anime and manga. For example, 眼鏡っ娘萌え, meganekko-moe, “glasses-girl moe“, describes a person who is attracted to fictional characters with eyeglasses.”Moe!” is also used within anime fandom as an interjection referring to a character the speaker considers to be a moekko. It is even used in some anime, such as Ouran High School Host Club, Lucky Star, Kaichou-wa Maid-sama!, and The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya. An essential quality of moe is that the person feels protective towards the character – too protective to sexualize the character as lolicon.[1]

    Both the spellings moe and moé are used in English.[2] Some writers add an accent mark in an attempt to indicate that the word should be pronounced as two morae, “mo” and “e”, but this usage does not conform to any standard of romanization. Compare bokeh (other non-standard romanization).

N

  • Nanshoku — Male love. — A deprecated term for homosexuality. Etymology
  • Neko Girl/Boy — Character with cat ears and a cat tail, but an otherwise human body. These characters often have feline habits, claw-like nails, and occasionally show fangs. Emotional expressions are also feline in nature, such as an exaggerated fur-standing-on-end when startled. [See CatGirl] Examples include many of the characters of Loveless and Kyo Sohma of Fruits Basket.
  • Neko – Japanese word for Cat, or Feline, often used when referring to a character with cat ears and/or tail.

O

  • Otenba(kko)- tomboy
  • Okama — (Pejorative) homosexual. — (Literally cooking pot.) Etymology
  • Omake — Some kind of add-on bonus on an anime DVD, like a regular ‘extra’ on western DVDs.
  • Orijinaru — Original
  • OVA — Original Video Animation, or OVA is a type of anime, which is intended to be distributed on VHS tapes or DVDs, and not to show in movies, or television. It can also less frequently be referred to as OAV, or Original Animated Video.
  • Owari — “End” in Japanese, used by some fanfiction authors at the end of their works. Also used at the end of many anime series.
  • Oyaji (親父, おやじ, オヤジ) — Daddy — Older male such as a teacher or other role model. Often slightly perverted, but usually portrayed affectionately. Can also be used as ‘pops’ or ‘old man’ (as in father).
  • OTAKU – In modern Japanese slang, the term otaku refers to a fan of any particular theme, topic, or hobby. Common uses are anime otaku (a fan of anime ), cosplay otaku and manga otaku (a fan of Japanese comic books), pasokon otaku (personal computer geeks), gēmu otaku (playing video games), and wota (pronounced ‘ota’, previously referred to as “idol otaku”) that are extreme fans of idols, heavily promoted singing girls. There are also tetsudō otaku or denshamania (railfans) or gunji otaku (military geeks as shown in “Full Metal Panic”).  While these are the most common uses, the word can be applied to anything (music otaku, martial arts otaku, cooking otaku, etc).

P

Q

R

S

  • Sake (酒) — Commonly called “rice wine” in North America, sake is an alcoholic beverage made from brewing rice.
  • Seinen (青年) – Intended for an older audience than shōnen. Content intended for men ages 18 to 40 or older.
  • Seiyū (声優) — Japanese voice actor. Not anime voice actor as seiyū also perform for radio shows and video games as well as do dubs for foreign TV shows and movies.
  • Shōjo (少女) — “Young woman” is, in western usage, a style of anime and manga intended for girls ages 5 to 10 or 10 to 18 depending on the content.
  • Shōjo-ai — coined following the form of shōnen-ai, denoting lesbian content, typically for material without explicit sex. In Japan the term shōjo-ai is not used with this meaning, and instead tends to denote ephebophilia.
  • Shōnen (少年) — “Young boy” is, in western usage, a style of anime and manga intended for boys. These works are characterized by high-action, often humorous plots featuring male protagonists, and unrealistically endowed female characters providing fanservice. Aimed for boys ages 5 to 10 or 10 to 18 depending on the content.
  • Shōnen-ai — A term denoting homosexual content, an obsolete genre. English-speakers can use it for material without explicit sex, in anime, manga, and related fan fiction. In Japan, it denotes ephebophilia.
  • Shudo — Abbreviation for wakashudo. — The Way of Young Men age structured homosexuality in Samurai society.
  • Sōsaku June (Original June) — dōjinshi with male homosexual themes for women that are original stories and non-parodic of existing series.
  • Super deformed – Miniaturized versions of the characters integrated into the storyline to add comedy, or to display exaggerated emotion in a way that might be out of character. They are usually used when the character is supposed to be angry, sad, confused, or startled. More commonly known as a chibi.

T

  • Tsundere – a female character type whose personality is initially combative but eventually becomes loving and emotionally vulnerable.
    • See Yandere for the inverse of this trait.

U

V

  • Visual kei — An art movement characterized by eccentric looks, involving elaborate costumes and make-up.

W

X

Y

  • Yamato Nadeshiko — the Japanese ideal for a woman, being humble and skilled in domestic matters.
  • Yandere — a character whose initially loving personality eventually becomes an often brutally deranged and psychotic individual
    • See Tsundere for the inverse of this trait.
  • Yaoi — Japanese acronym from ‘‘No climax, no point, no meaning’’ (Yama nashi, Ochi nashi, Imi nashi) — Male-on-male sexual content. Sometimes (and incorrectly) used for all male/male romantic and sexual content, especially by US publishers.
  • Yuri — jargon term for lesbian content, typically used to denote only the most sexually explicit end of the spectrum in media outside of Japan. Inside Japan, the term denotes a broader spectrum of attraction between women. (Used like the term ‘Yaoi’ for women)

Z

  • Zettai Ryouiki: This term refers to a style of dressing, where a certain amount of skin is exposed between the miniskirt and the thigh high socks.

2 Responses

  1. This blog’s great!! Thanks :).

  2. bwah, sugoii!!!!

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